1. Bermuda Triangle
Bermuda Triangle is a strange triangular area on the Atlantic ocean where many ships sailing through it or planes flying over it have apparently disappeared without a trace. In few of such cases where wrecks could be found, the crew had vanished. And such incidents have been happening since centuries. More than 1,000 ships and planes have disappeared in the triangle area over the past five centuries. And all these happened when apparently there were no human errors, equipment failures or even natural disasters. Strangely, the ships and aircraft just vanish when everything seems to be okay. Many believe that Devil is at play here and therefore call the area also as Devil’s Triangle.
So what is the fact? Is it at all true? Partially true? Or all nonsense? Let’s dig deeper to understand that while keeping in mind that far too many incidents have taken place in this area for it to be ignored casually.
So what caused the ships and aircraft to disappear mysteriously? There have been many research and explorations done to uncover the mystery. There is no single theory that can explain all the incidents of disappearances. The ships and aircraft could have been victims of different circumstances, and things would have happened quickly and unexpectedly. While many theories have come out trying to explain the various incidents, here are some of the most popular ones including those that took recourse to supernatural powers and events.
Methane Gas trapped under the sea floor can erupt, and as a result can lower the water density and cause ships to sink like a rock. Even planes flying over it, can catch fire and get completely destroyed during such gas blowout.
Sargasso Sea is a strange area that has no shores and bounded only by water currents on all sides. Many ships passing through it have been stranded and made motionless. Many of them were found derelict and without a soul.
Electronic Fog, a strange thick cloud appears from nowhere and engulfs a ship or a plane. Instruments begin to malfunction, and finally the ship or the aircraft vanishes without a trace.
Supernatural Theories: Lost City of Atlantis under the ocean, UFOs, Aliens are also thought to be behind such mysteries.
2. The Bimini Road
In 1968 an underwater rock formation was found near North Bimini Island in the Bahamas. It is considered by many to be naturally made, but because of the unusual arrangement of the stones, many believe it to be a part of the lost city of Atlantis (first spoken of by Plato).Another curious element of this mystery is a prediction made in 1938 by Edgar Cayce: “A portion of the temples may yet be discovered under the slime of ages and sea water near Bimini. Expect it in ‘68 or ‘69 – not so far away.”In a more recent expidition, amateur archeologist Dr Greg Little discovered another row of rocks in the same formation directly below the first, leading him to believe that the road is actually the top of a wall or water dock.One possible natural explanation is that the “road” is an example of tessellated pavement, a natural phenomenon.Concretions of shell and sand form hard sedimentary rock which over time fractures in straight lines and then at ninety degree angles.They are quite common and a popular tourist attraction on the island of Tasmania.The Bimini road of the Bahamas is a single-dimensional set of stones extending from the North-east to the South-west part in the Northern part of the island. The stones are rectangular in shape and are almost 20 feet under the water.
3. Voynich Manuscript
Written in Central Europe at the end of the 15th or during the 16th century, the origin, language, and date of the Voynich Manuscript—named after the Polish-American antiquarian bookseller, Wilfrid M. Voynich, who acquired it in 1912—are still being debated as vigorously as its puzzling drawings and undeciphered text. Described as a magical or scientific text, nearly every page contains botanical, figurative, and scientific drawings of a provincial but lively character, drawn in ink with vibrant washes in various shades of green, brown, yellow, blue, and red.
The Voynich Manuscript is considered to be ‘The Most Mysterious Manuscript in the World’. To this day this medieval artifact resists all efforts at translation. It is either an ingenious hoax or an unbreakable cipher. The manuscript is named after its discoverer, the American antique book dealer and collector, Wilfrid M. Voynich, who discovered it in 1912, amongst a collection of ancient manuscripts kept in villa Mondragone in Frascati, near Rome, which had been by then turned into a Jesuit College (closed in 1953).
Based on the evidence of the calligraphy, the drawings, the vellum, and the pigments, Wilfrid Voynich estimated that the Manuscript was created in the late 13th century. The manuscript is small, seven by ten inches, but thick, nearly 235 pages. It is written in an unknown script of which there is no known other instance in the world.
The Voynich Manuscript is a cipher manuscript, sometimes attributed to Roger Bacon.
Scientific text in an unidentified language, in cipher, possibly written in central Europe in the 15th century.
Parts of the Manuscript
The Voynich Manuscript is about 6 by 9inches. Some believe it to be a book about alchemy. It contains the equivalent of 246 quarto pages, but may have originally contained not less than 262 pages.
There are 212 with text and drawings, 33 pages contain text only, and the last page contains the Key. The text is written in an enciphered script, and the drawings are colored in red, blue, brown, yellow, and green.The contents of the Manuscript are divided up into 5categories:
- The first and largest section contains 130 pages of plant drawings with accompanying text, and is called the Botanical division.
- The second contains 26 pages of drawings, obviously astrological and astronomical in nature.
- The third section contains 4 pages of text and 28 drawings, which would appear to be biological in nature.
- The fourth division contains 34 pages of drawings, which are pharmaceutical in nature.
- The last section of the Manuscript contains 23pages of text arranged in short paragraphs, each beginning with a star. The last page (the 24th of this division) contains the Key only.
Theories about the Manuscript
To this day the Voynich Manuscript resists all efforts at translation. It is either an ingenious hoax or an unbreakable cipher. The contents and origin of the manuscript have been a matter of continuous and stimulating debate. To name some of the possibilities that have been discussed in the Voynich mailing list forum (modified from a posting by Karl Kluge):
There is an intelligible underlying text:
- in a natural language
- Latin, abbreviated Latin,
- English, German, Norse,
- Chinese (in a phonetic script),
- Greek, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Arabic,
- “pig Latin” and many others.
- in a fake natural language like:
- in a coded language
- in cipher (single, multi substitution, etc.)
- in an artificial language like:
- Lingua ignota (Hildegarde von Bingen, 1153/54)
- Arithmeticus nomenclator (anonymous Spanish Jesuit, 1653)
- Wilkins’ (1641)
- Dalgarno’s (1661)
- Beck’s “Universal Character” (1657)
- Johnston’s “Synthetic Language” (1641)
There is no intelligible underlying text:
- glossolalia (something like “writing in tongues”)
- random (i.e. some forgery)
- psychologically “random” strings
- mechanically generated random strings
In analytic terms, there are a few particularities worth noting:
- The 2nd order entropy is too low for an European language using a simple substitution cipher.
- The text follows roughly the 1st and 2nd Zipf’s laws of word frequencies.
- The word length distribution is different from Latin (words tend to be shorter than Latin words).
- Correlation analysis seems to indicate that the spaces are indeed separating “words” as in a natural language.
- There is some evidence for two different “languages” or dialects (investigated by Currier and D’Imperio) and perhaps more than one scribe, probably indicating an ambiguous coding scheme.
- The text has very few apparent corrections.
- The structure of words is extremely rigid.
- There are many words repetitions (up to 3 times!)
- Some characters in the “key-like sequences” do not appear anywhere else in the manuscript.
“This is just 3 of the many Mysteries in the World”